Category: racism

“When I am dead–I say it that way because from the things I know, I do not expect to live long enough to read this book in its finished form–I want you to just watch and see if I’m not right in what I say: that the white man, in his press, is going to identify me with “hate”. He will make use of me dead, as he has made use of me alive, as a convenient symbol, of “hatred”–and that will help him escape facing the truth that all I have been doing is holding up a mirror to reflect, to show, the history of unspeakable crimes that his race has committed against my race.” 

― Malcolm X, The Autobiography of Malcolm X



Malcolm X on "Progress"

Preach! He deserves a federal holiday. RIP brother Malcolm

“They won’t even admit the knife is there.”

Fredi Washington by Carl Van Vechten on December 8, 1938.  

Fredericka Carolyn “Fredi” Washington (December 23, 1903 – June 28, 1994) was an African American actress, best known for her role as Peola in the 1934 version of the film Imitation of Life.

Washington turned down a number of chances to pass for white as an actress, which might have led to greater acting opportunities. Her light competition and green eyes led directors to choose darker skinned actresses for the stereotypical “maid” roles.

She wanted to perform in more complicated, versatile roles. Frustrated she quit acting and focused her efforts on civil rights.

Fredi Washington: “You see I’m a mighty proud gal and I can’t for the life of me, find any valid reason why anyone should lie about their origin or anything else for that matter. Frankly, I do not ascribe to the stupid theory of white supremacy and to try to hide the fact that I am a Negro for economic or any other reasons, if I do I would be agreeing to be a Negro makes me inferior and that I have swallowed whole hog all of the propaganda dished out by our fascist-minded white citizens.

I am an American citizen and by God, we all have inalienable rights and wherever those rights are tampered with, there is nothing left to do but fight…and I fight. How many people do you think there are in this country who do not have mixed blood, there’s very few if any, what makes us who we are, are our culture and experience. No matter how white I look, on the inside I feel black. There are many whites who are mixed blood, but still go by white, why such a big deal if I go as Negro, because people can’t believe that I am proud to be a Negro and not white. To prove I don’t buy white superiority I chose to be a Negro.” 

Ike and Tina Turner photographed by

Al Kaplan in Miami, March 1970. 

Al Kaplan: The first location was by the fishing pier that was just south of the Newport, and then we got into a stretch black limo and I told the driver how to get to a place with rows of stately royal palms where a motel had been years before, near Greynolds Park. then they wanted to go to a colored neighborhood.

Just A few blocks to the north were some gravel roads heading east from U.S. 1, going towards the mangroves, that had a number of run down two story houses with rental apartments. In those segregated days that was where the maids and gardeners lived so they could easily walk to work or catch a bus. When we pulled in it caused quite a stir! People wanted autographs and the Turners obliged. That entire neighborhood was bulldozed a few years later and replaced with retirement condos.

On the way back to the Newport Ike talked about the fact that when the hotel booked them they told them that they’d made reservations for the Turners to stay at a colored hotel in downtown Miami. Ike said that if they were good enough to play in the Newport’s night club they were good enough to stay at the Newport. Management relented and they were the first blacks to stay at a beachfront “white” hotel in the Miami area.