Category: civil rights

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JET Magazine covers from 1964

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“When I am dead–I say it that way because from the things I know, I do not expect to live long enough to read this book in its finished form–I want you to just watch and see if I’m not right in what I say: that the white man, in his press, is going to identify me with “hate”. He will make use of me dead, as he has made use of me alive, as a convenient symbol, of “hatred”–and that will help him escape facing the truth that all I have been doing is holding up a mirror to reflect, to show, the history of unspeakable crimes that his race has committed against my race.” 

― Malcolm X (The Autobiography of Malcolm X)

Happy Birthday Malcolm X! 

May 19, 1925 – February 21, 1965

“They called me ‘the angriest Negro in America.’ I wouldn’t deny that charge. I spoke exactly as I felt. ‘I believe in anger. The Bible says there is a time for anger.’ They called me ‘a teacher, a fomentor of violence.’ I would say point blank, That is a lie. I’m not for wanton violence, I’m for justice. I feel that if white people were attacked by Negroes –

if the forces of law prove unable, or inadequate, or reluctant to protect those whites from those Negroes

then those white people should protect and defend themselves from those Negroes, using arms if necessary. And I feel that when the law fails to protect Negroes from whites’ attack, then those Negroes should use arms, if necessary, to defend themselves.“

(Photos by John Launois, 1964) 

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Coretta Scott King at Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom conference in Washington, D.C on March 28, 1968.

(Original Caption) Mrs. Martin Luther King presiding at conference of Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom – one of the world’s oldest peace organizations. The league presented a proposal for a Vietnam peace settlement and called for a “ceasefire now.“ Mrs. King said that “all women have a common bond – they don’t want their husbands and sons maimed and killed in war.”

John Lennon and Yoko Ono

donating their hair to

Michael X on the roof of Black House in Holloway Road, London on February 4, 1970 

London-based activist Michael X, reached out to John and Yoko after they made headlines for paying fines incurred by anti-apartheid activists who interrupted a rugby match between Scotland and South Africa. Inspired by the gesture, Michael asked John and Yoko to support the Black House, a home for disadvantaged youth in London. Having recently cut off their hair, they offered to exchange it for a pair of Muhammad Ali’s boxing shorts The hair was intended to be auctioned off to support the Black House and the shorts being sold to raise money for John and Yoko’s peace campaign. 

John and Yoko’s donation didn’t seem to have much impact. The Beatles Bible notes that there was never any proof that they put their own proceeds toward the peace campaign, and the Black House closed before the end of 1970, later burning down “in mysterious circumstances.”

Michael X, was later arrested for extortion following the Black House’s destruction (John Lennon paid his bail) and ultimately fleeing to his native Trinidad, where he started a commune that also burned in 1972. Investigators discovered corpses buried in shallow graves on the site, and he was hanged in 1975.

Malcolm X photographed by John Launois in Cairo, August 1964.

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Martin Luther King Jr. at home with his wife Coretta Scott

King

and their daughter Yolanda

King

in Montgomery, Alabama. May 1956.

W.E.B. Du Bois photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1946.  

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Malcolm X photographed by Gordon Parks for

LIFE magazine promoting the Muhammad Speaks newspaper, 1962.

On the night of April 27, 1962, scores of policemen ransacked the Nation of Islam Mosque in Los Angeles and wounded seven unarmed Muslims, leaving Ronald Stokes dead and William Rogers who is seen in the wheelchair above paralyzed.

Malcolm X photographed by John Launois in Cairo, August 1964.