Category: brother malcolm

Malcolm X at the National Memorial African Book Store in Harlem on March 12, 1964.

(Original Caption) Negro nationalist Malcolm X, during press conference in offices of the National Memorial African Book Store here on March 12th, urged America’s 22 million Negroes to learn how to use shotguns and rifles, apparently by establishing and joining rifle clubs. Brother Malcolm, as he now calls himself since resigning as New York leader of the Chicago-based Black Muslim movement, said 1964 would be the bloodiest year in the civil rights fight.

2/13/1963-New York, NY: Malcolm X is interviewed by television reporters during a Nation of Islam demonstration in Times Square, protesting the arrest of African Americans on what the Nation is calling false charges. They walked around Times Square, and then demonstrated with signs at Duffy Square Broadway at 47th Street.

Malcolm X and his wife Betty Shabazz during an interview on June 26, 1963.

Photos by Morris Warman

Malcolm X photographed by John Launois in Egypt, August 1964.

3/16/1964- New York, NY: New York City boycott leaders Representative Adam Clayton Powell, D-NY., Reverend Milton A. Galamison and Malcolm X are shown at Siloam Presbyterian Church in Brooklyn before the March 16 boycott of city public schools. The protest against segregation was only half as effective as the earlier one on Feb. 3 (267,545 pupils took part, compared with 464,362 last time), but leaders called it a success considering its lack of support from major Civil Rights groups which helped sponsor the first one.

Fidel Castro and Malcolm X photographed by Carl Nesfield at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem on September 20, 1960.

Fidel Castro came to New York for the 15th Session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. He and his delegation were initially staying in Midtown.

Soon, tabloids were reporting that these “uncouth primitives” had “killed, plucked, and cooked chickens in their rooms at the Shelbourne and extinguished cigars on expensive carpets.” The Cuban delegation found itself temporarily homeless when the manager asked them to deposit a $20,000 security fee in cash, in order to continue their stay.

Insulted, they looked around for other lodgings, at one point threatening to pitch tents on the grounds in Central Park and the UN. Numerous hotels either refused accommodations or imposed costly deposits. Malcolm X reached out to Castro and arranged for his delegation to lodge at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem. 

Castro moved into

the Hotel Theresa

past midnight on September 20, he met with Malcolm shortly after. Malcolm told Castro, “Downtown for you, it was ice, uptown it is warm.” Castro

smiled appreciatively, “yes, we feel very warm here.” Malcolm added, “I think you will find the people in Harlem are not so addicted to the propaganda they put out downtown.” Castro responded, “I admire this. I have seen how it is possible for propaganda to make changes in people. Your people live here and are faced with this propaganda all the time and yet, they understand. This is very interesting.” “There are 20 million of us,” said Malcolm, “and we always understand.”

“Premier Castro has come out against lynching, which is more than [U.S. President] Eisenhower has done.

Castro has also taken a more open stand for civil rights for Black Cubans. He [Eisenhower] wants to see Castro as a Muslim,” Malcolm told the press after their meeting.


Fidel Castro and Malcolm X meet at the Hotel Theresa in Harlem on September 19, 1960.

Some of us know of the welcome Malcolm gave to Cuban prime minister Fidel Castro when Fidel came to New York in September 1960 to speak for the first time before the United Nations General Assembly. After numerous mid-Manhattan hotels often used by UN delegations either refused accommodations to the Cuban delegation, or sought to impose a degrading and costly “damage deposit” on them, Castro and his comrades moved uptown to Harlem and registered at the Hotel Theresa.

Malcolm X had helped arrange the move and organized a defense guard for the delegation at the Theresa. Thousands of Harlem residents and supporters of revolutionary Cuba from around New York gathered outside the hotel for days to celebrate this act of solidarity by a visiting head of state. “Premier Castro has come out against lynching, which is more than [U.S.] President Eisenhower has done,” Malcolm told the New York press after meeting with the Cuban leader in his room. “Castro has also taken a more open stand for civil rights for Black Cubans.”

(Excerpt from Malcolm X, Black Liberation, and the Road to Workers Power)

Malcolm X photographed by Burt Shavitz, June 1964.

Betty Shabazz and Malcolm X visit Muhammad Ali

in Miami

with their daughters Attallah (standing), Qubilah (sitting on Malcolm), and Ilyasah (sitting on Ali) in January 1964.  

As a sixth wedding anniversary present, Ali paid for Malcolm and his family to vacation in Miami while he trained for the Sonny Liston title fight. The group of neighborhood kids are holding up 8 fingers because, as the underdog Ali predicated he’d win the fight in 8 rounds. The defending champ Liston predicted he’d win in 2. Ali ended up winning in 7 rounds on February 25, 1964.


Malcolm X photographed by John Launois, 1964.

The Saturday Evening Post

editorial accompanied a shortened version of Malcolm X’s then unpublished autobiography. The excerpt, titled “I’m Talking to You, White Man,” gave an account of losing a father to violence and a mother to insanity, drifting into crime and drugs, finding faith in prison through the Nation of Islam and its leader Elijah Muhammad, and taking his spiritual journey even farther.

After returning from a pilgrimage to Mecca, Malcolm X was asked what had most impressed him. He replied, “The brotherhood: The people of all races, colors, from all over the world coming together as one! It has proved to me the power of the One God.” As a result of what he had seen in the Holy Land, he wrote, “I have turned my direction away from anything that’s racist.” But, in consequence of renouncing racism, “some of the followers of Elijah Muhammad would still consider it a first-rank honor to kill me.”