Category: 1925-1965

Malcolm X at London Airport on February 9, 1965.

Malcolm X at the National Memorial African Book Store in Harlem on March 12, 1964.

(Original Caption) Negro nationalist Malcolm X, during press conference in offices of the National Memorial African Book Store here on March 12th, urged America’s 22 million Negroes to learn how to use shotguns and rifles, apparently by establishing and joining rifle clubs. Brother Malcolm, as he now calls himself since resigning as New York leader of the Chicago-based Black Muslim movement, said 1964 would be the bloodiest year in the civil rights fight.

Malcolm X in Hartford, Connecticut, June 1963.

Malcolm X, leading spokesman for the Black Muslim movement, is shown with the dome of the Connecticut Capitol behind him as he arrived in Hartford for a two day visit.

On June 5, 1963, Malcolm spoke to a crowd of 800 people at the Bushnell Memorial Hall. The University of Hartford sponsored the event. According to African American writer J. K. Obatala, the speech inspired him to travel to Ghana, his ancestral homeland. “It takes a trip to Africa to realize how American we are,” Obatala wrote. 

2/13/1963-New York, NY: Malcolm X is interviewed by television reporters during a Nation of Islam demonstration in Times Square, protesting the arrest of African Americans on what the Nation is calling false charges. They walked around Times Square, and then demonstrated with signs at Duffy Square Broadway at 47th Street.

Malcolm X and his wife Betty Shabazz during an interview on June 26, 1963.

Photos by Morris Warman

Malcolm X photographed by John Launois in Egypt, August 1964.

Malcolm X and Muhammad Ali in Harlem, March 1964.

Malcolm X talking to the press at London Airport, February 1965.


February 9, Malcolm had flew from London to Paris for a speaking engagement.

At Orly Airport, French police barred him from entering the country. Authorities felt his speech threatened to provoke “demonstrations that would trouble the public order,” so he flew back to London. It was odd because he had just been in Paris a few months prior. The day before his assassination Malcolm told Alex Haley that he felt the incident in France was a sign of his impending murder. Eric Norden, a journalist who investigated Malcolm’s death revealed that an African diplomat told him that his country’s intelligence apparatus had been informed by France that the CIA planned Malcolm’s murder, and France didn’t want Malcolm killed on its soil.

(Video of Malcolm X speaking about ban from France) 


Malcolm X at Oxford with Eric Abrahams, the Student Union president, before addressing university students on the subject of extremism and liberty on December 3, 1964.

Eric Abrahams was a Jamaican Rhodes Scholar who came to St. Peter’s College, Oxford, in 1962, to study Law. He served as President of the Oxford Union in Michaelmas Term 1964 (the second student from the Caribbean to hold that office). Abrahams invited Malcolm X to speak at the Union debate and he also participated. 

Malcolm X photographed by John Hopkins in Notting Hill, London, December 1964.